in Employers

Keeping good accounts when selling a law firm

of the key things to bear in mind when coming to sell your solicitors
practice is to ensure that your company accounts are impeccably
maintained for the last 5 years. So many law firms, it seems, do not
have good quality accounts to produce to any prospective buyers, which
means that when buyers come to look at the potential offerings of a law
practice, they simply can’t find the information they need to make an
informed decision. So few buyers actually appreciate just how important
their accounts are that they don’t go to the trouble of ensuring that
the accounts are well maintained/described and in a format that is
easily understandable.

give you an example, we recently had a look at a law firm’s accounts
which have been supplied to us for the purposes of selling the practice.
There was information there regarding written off bad debt, outstanding
loans, bank interest paid and bank charges paid.

was absolutely nothing to go with the accounts to explain exactly what
these were. Was the bad debt something that the firm had arbitrarily
decided was never going to be recovered and was it a one off, or
something that was likely to carry on in the future? What steps had the
law firm taken to recover the bad debt and why had it been written off?
So far as the bank debts were concerned, how were they incurred, and
what steps had been taken to ensure they were kept to a minimum in
future? Why was the interest rate so high when looking at the accounts
there was no obvious reason for bank interest to be paid in particularly
large amounts in any event. Was there a loan outstanding that the
accounts had not actually picked up?

was also reference made to recruitment fees, a subject close to our own
hearts, but again no explanation provided with the accounts to say why
recruitment fees had been high in one year compared with another.
Although this may be easily explained, there was nothing in the accounts
to indicate this.

is becoming fairly apparent as we do more of the business sale and
purchase work that explaining your accounts can be immensely useful
right from the outset, because if you do not provide a full explanation
as to what detail is included in the accounts and what is missing,
purchasers tend to draw their own conclusions, rightly or wrongly, from
the information they have been provided with. This can of course present
issues for you as the seller because the buyer may form a very negative
opinion about your company which in the circumstances is unfair because
they have wrongly interpreted the figures you have provided them with.

to include professional looking accounts as well. We have come across
firms who have handwritten parts of their accounts, photocopied pages at
wonky angles, missed out pages completely, accidentally or on purpose,
and generally not provided professional looking and prepared accounts
for consideration by the potential buyer. This leads me on to say again
that professionally prepared accounts for law firm sales are of the
utmost importance, and other than ensuring your law firm has no
outstanding claims against it, it is probably the most important thing
you could do to ensure a smooth sale of your business.

in the year that you are thinking of selling the practice, try and keep
up to date management accounts on a quarterly basis. Recently we have
come across a practice where there were not really any figures available
following the previous set of accounts being prepared 10 months
beforehand, and it seems to have scared a couple of potential buyers
away from considering the practice further, as they are now suspicious
as to why these accounts have not been kept. I suspect in the
circumstances there is absolutely no reason other than the partners of
the law firm have simply not needed accounts in the current year and so
haven’t bothered keeping them up to date, but unfortunately buyers don’t
see it that way. If you look at the sale from their perspective they
are simply keen to see as much information as they can, and your lack of
detail simply creates a black hole in the data, which they hold against
you and get suspicious as to why detail has not been included.

Jonathan Fagan

Jonathan Fagan LLM FIRP is Managing Director of Ten-Percent Legal Recruitment. He has been recruiting solicitors and legal support staff for law firms and in house legal departments for over 17 years and handles roles from junior fee earners through to partners and law firm sales/purchases. A non-practising solicitor on the Roll since 2000, he is also the author of a number of legal career books, which are available at You can contact Jonathan at